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Dandruff and flaking: What to do?

- 04/08/2024

Don't panic! Dandruff and flakiness are often the result of an excessively dry scalp. However, they can also be the result of quite the opposite. We explain their causes and, above all, the solutions.

You are not alone, a significant percentage of the population suffers or will suffer from dandruff at some point in their life. That's why we're going to start by detailing what dandruff is to better understand what it is and how to combat it. We can define it as the excessive shedding of dead cells from the scalp. The causes are very diverse and may be due to factors such as scalp dryness, seborrheic dermatitis, stress, excessive use of inappropriate hair products, or genetic factors. We distinguish two types of dandruff:

- Dry dandruff: characterized by small white flakes and caused by scalp dryness. External factors such as climate, lack of hydration, or excessive use of inappropriate products can cause this type of dandruff.

- Greasy dandruff: manifests with larger, yellowish flakes. It is associated with increased scalp sebum production and may be accompanied by inflammation. The cause is an imbalance of the microbiome, which develops more rapidly in sebum-rich areas. The fungus responsible for this is called Malassezia, a fungus that is naturally found on the skin and scalp. The presence of this fungus, in some people, can trigger reactions that contribute to dandruff. Malassezia breaks down oils on the scalp, producing byproducts that can irritate the skin and trigger excessive shedding of dead cells, dandruff.

Once potential dermatological problems are ruled out with your doctor, we propose a super complete hair care routine for impeccable scalp health.

Combat dandruff and flakiness in 3 steps

1. DETOX

The first step is to perform a hair detox, a deep cleansing with quality sulfate-containing soaps that remove harmful substances from the hair and with an alkaline pH that opens its cuticle and makes it receptive to subsequent treatments with plants. We recommend the solid shampoo of Juniper Tar, it will help tone and balance the scalp. This shampoo is made with Juniper Cade oil, used to prevent dryness, flaking, and itching.

To complete the hair detox process, if you have dandruff, a great ally will be the Volcanic Ghassoul Clay, it promotes shine and silkiness. This clay is rich in minerals such as silicon or magnesium that have a sebum-regulating action, restoring hair balance. For preparation, put 4 or 5 tablespoons of Ghassoul in a bowl and add a little hot water or a plant infusion. Spread the prepared mixture over damp hair and leave it on.

2. WASH

After a hair detox, you can now incorporate a liquid shampoo into your routine, specifically we recommend the Nettle and Thyme shampoo. Use this as your regular shampoo and save the solid Juniper Tar shampoo for occasional use. This shampoo is ideal for treating dandruff, strengthens and prevents hair loss, and, thanks to its Thyme extract, has anti-dandruff properties.